Microsoft Windows keyboard shortcuts
Perm url with updates: http://xahlee.org/mswin/windows_keyboard_shortcuts.html
Microsoft Windows Keyboard Shortcuts
Xah Lee, 2009-12-16, 2010-05-18, 2010-07-31, 2010-08-10
This page list some of the advanced keyboard shortcuts in Windows. The list on this page is chosen so it is practical, and it is organized by purpose. It is not a dumb list of keys.
The info on this page are tested in Windows Vista. They should also work in Windows XP and Windows 7.
Shortcuts Useful in All Apps
The following are shortcuts that are useful in most applications.
Closing App or Window or Tab
|Alt+F4||quit app||Works in almost all apps|
|Alt+Space c||quit app||Same as “Alt+F4”|
|Ctrl+F4||close current tab or window||◇|
|Ctrl+w||close current tab or window||◇|
|Esc||Close current dialog||Usually does not Save changes or Apply changes.|
|Mouse Button||Gesture and Purpose||Comment|
|middle button||Click on tab to Close tab||Works in Firefox, IE, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera|
Full Screen and Hide/Show
|F11||Full Screen||Add Shift key to reverse direction.|
|Alt+Space n||minimize current window||◇|
|Win+d||Show desktop (minimize all windows)||◇|
|Win+m||minimize all windows||“Win+Shift+m” can bring all windows back if pressed right away|
Switching App or Window or Tab
|Ctrl+Tab||next tab||Add Shift key to reverse direction.|
|Ctrl+PageDown||next tab||“Ctrl+PageUp” for previous tab.|
|Win+Tab||Flip 3D to next window||Add Shift key to reverse direction.|
|Win+Alt+Tab||Flip 3D (don't go away mode)||◇|
|Alt+Tab||next window||Add Shift key to reverse direction.|
|Ctrl+Alt+Tab||next window (don't go away mode)||◇|
Open Folder, Start Application
|Win||Start menu||Press the Win key then start typing the app's name, will usually let you launch the app quickly.|
|Win+r||run program by name||◇|
|Win+e||open a folder||◇|
Win+1, Win+2, ...
“Win+1”, “Win+2” etc shortcuts are automatically created for launching apps. To have them, you need to have Quick Launch turned on in your Taskbar. To turn it on, right click on a empty area in your Taskbar, choose Properties, then Taskbar tab, check mark the Show Quick Launch. Then, you can drag-n-drop any desktop icon shortcut to the Quick Launch area and it'll show in your Taskbar. The number used for the shortcut is the same as the order of the apps shown. You can drag them to arrange them.
Set Your Own Hotkey to Launch App in Shortcut
You can create hotkeys to launch apps. Go to your desktop. Then click on a Shortcut, then press “Alt+Enter” to bring up its properties. Then, click the Shortcut tab, click the “Shortcut key” field, then just type a key combo to set a hotkey.
Folder List View, Icon View (Windows Explorer Keys)
When viewing a folder, you can view it as icons or list or detail. There's no direct keyboard shortcut, but you can do this:
- Press “Alt v d” for detail view.
- Press “Alt v m” for medium icon view.
“F2” is for renaming file in Explorer. And “Alt+Enter” is for getting properties of a file, folder, or getting info about something, in most apps.
|PrtScn/SysRq||Copy screen image to clipboard||To copy just current window, add Alt key.|
|Alt||Activate menu||After pressing Alt, use arrow keys to navigate, or press keys of the underlined letters.|
|Alt+Space||Start current window's system menu||◇|
“F5” is for refresh in browsers and Explorer and most other apps that makes sense.
Here are some less useful ones.
|Win+t||put focus on task bar||◇|
|Win+b||put focus on system notification area||◇|
|Win+u||open ease of access folder||◇|
How to disable the Sleep key, Windows key, how to swap Caps Lock with Control, How to set a key to launch app... see: Windows Keyboard Shortcuts FAQ.