Liu Xiaobo, NED, CIA, USA Support
Perm url with updates: http://xahlee.org/Periodic_dosage_dir/Liu-Xiaobo_NED_CIA.html
Liu Xiaobo, NED, CIA, USA Support
Xah Lee, 2010-10-12
It's widely reported on the web that Liu Xiaobo received funding from National Endowment for Democracy (NED). This is acknowledged on the NED site:
- 〈The National Endowment for Democracy Extends Its Warmest Congratulations to Grantee Liu Xiaobo on Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize〉 (2010-10-08) At: ned.org
Among his many contributions to the advance of democratic ideas and values in China have been his work as editor of Democratic China magazine (English via GoogleTranslate) for several years until his arrest in 2008, and serving two terms as President of the Independent Chinese PEN Center, from 2003 to 2007. NED is pleased to have been able to provide grant support to both organizations for their activities supporting free inquiry and freedom of expression over the years.
How much? The article didn't say, but from online info the figure may be over 1M USD, perhaps from 2004 to 2007. It's very time consuming to gather correct info on the web, but on this site: Source, there's this info:
- ICPC received $135,000 from the NED in 2007: http://www.ned.org/grants/07programs/grants-asia07.html
- $135,000 from the NED in 2006: http://www.ned.org/grants/06programs/grants-asia06.html
- $85,000 from the NED in 2004: http://www.ned.org/grants/04programs/grants-asia04.html
- $145,000 in 2007: http://www.ned.org/grants/07programs/grants-asia07.html
- $136,000 in 2005: http://www.ned.org/grants/05programs/grants-asia05.html
- $135,000 in 2004: http://www.ned.org/grants/04programs/grants-asia04.html
All the links's content are gone as of 2010-10-12, but they are currently available at the archive.org:
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ned.org/grants/04programs/grants-asia04.html http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ned.org/grants/04programs/grants-asia04.html http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ned.org/grants/05programs/grants-asia05.html http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ned.org/grants/06programs/grants-asia06.html http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ned.org/grants/07programs/grants-asia07.html (not available)
(be sure to save the document on your computer because it might get removed)
Looking at these doc is quite scary. Usually they have a big section China, listing lots of money to all sort of organizations that seems to be politically disruptive for Chinese goverment, e.g. Tibet, Uyghur, and all with names like “freedom”, “human rights”, “democracy”....
Who is NED?
NED is National Endowment for Democracy. Here's a quote:
The National Endowment for Democracy, or NED, is a U.S. non-profit organization that was founded in 1983 to promote US-friendly democracy by providing cash grants funded primarily through an annual allocation from the U.S. Congress. Although administered as a private organization, its funding comes almost entirely from a governmental appropriation by Congress and it was created by an act of Congress. In addition to its grants program, NED also supports and houses the Journal of Democracy, the World Movement for Democracy, the International Forum for Democratic Studies, the Reagan-Fascell Fellowship Program, the Network of Democracy Research Institutes, and the Center for International Media Assistance. It has been accused by both right-wing and left-wing personalities of interference in foreign regimes, and of being set up to legally continue the CIA's prohibited activities of support to selected political parties abroad.
So, it takes US tax payer's money, and give to other countries, for spreading US ideology. Note the last sentence. The source “” is from the book 《Killing Hope》 by William Blum. amazon. Wikipedia has a article on it Killing Hope, quote:
Killing Hope: U.S. Military and C.I.A. Interventions since World War II is a history book on covert CIA operations and U.S. military interventions during the second half of the 20th century, written by former State Department employee William Blum. The book takes a strongly critical view of American foreign policy.
The book covers various US foreign policy ventures from just after World War II onward. Its basic premise is that the Soviet Union occupied the Warsaw Pact states only to better defend its territory and the American Cold War-era activities abroad were done with imperialist motives.
Noam Chomsky called it "Far and away the best book on the topic."  Former CIA officer John Stockwell called it "The single most useful summary of CIA history." 
Note that Noam Chomsky is a very well-known linguist, and famous as a major critic on US foreign policies.
And who is the author William Blum? Quote:
William Blum (born 1933) is an American author, historian, and critic of United States foreign policy. He studied accounting in college. Later he had a low-level computer-related position at the United States Department of State in the mid-1960s. Initially an anti-communist with dreams of becoming a foreign service officer, he said he became disillusioned by the Vietnam War.
There are quite a lot critcism of NED. Depending your point of view, NED is throwing money all over enemy country's to fuck them up, meddle with their elections, support the criminals, stage coups. China, Iran, Central America, eastern and western Europe, russian areas and states, ... all over the map. Here's few selected quotes:
NED says it does not directly fund any political party, as this is forbidden by law. However, it has been accused of providing funding to opposition candidates in elections in countries other than the USA. According to NED, it intervenes in elections by funding election observation and civic education on voting, such as student "get-out-the-vote" campaigns.
Critics such as Pat Buchanan accuse the NED of fomenting revolution and regularly interfering in the affairs of other countries, especially dictatorships and undemocratic regimes.
Other critics say that the NED only supports candidates with strong ties to the military. William Blum accuses NED of being part of a U.S. government funding strategy to undermine left-wing leaders and "pervert elections". Others are also critical of U.S. corporate investment in foreign countries, and criticize the NED for not supporting candidates who oppose free trade and the investing rights of US companies. For example, Bill Berkowitz of Working for Change claims, "The NED functions as a full-service infrastructure building clearinghouse. It provides money, technical support, supplies, training programs, media know-how, public relations assistance and state-of-the-art equipment to select political groups, civic organizations, labor unions, dissident movements, student groups, book publishers, newspapers, and other media. Its aim is to destabilize progressive movements, particularly those with a socialist or democratic socialist bent."
Note that CIA has also send 1.7M USD to Dalai Lama, also a Nobel Peace Prize winner. See: Li Ao on Tibet and Dalai Lama.
There are lots of youtube vids on this.
CIA in Tibet - Escape of The Dalai Lama - part 1