Second Life Product Market Value

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Second Life Product Market Values

Get your Xah Particle Maker today!

Xah Lee, 2010-04-24

Look at this item: xstreetsl modern house. (be sure to check out all the screenshots)

It sells for about $100 USD, and people are buying it. I estimate that it takes about single person 3 weeks to make. If you compare it to software, the ratio of market value over effort is way higher. For example, if you are a game programer, you can code for 3 months, and resulting a product that you can sell maybe $20. And, to be a game programer actually takes a whole lot more training and knowledge than building and scripting in Second Life. Perhaps 5 times as much skill and expertise.

My Particle Maker sells for ~$14 USD, and i sell close to 2 per week since i made it in 2009-04. It took me about 3 weeks full time to create. I have not even spend time on marketing for the past 7 months.

I think the reason for this is because Second Life is a new market. For example, computer games market have been around for 20 or 30 years, Second Life only few years and not yet main stream.

Want to dash through walls?
Try Xah Tele-Dasher!

A bit of rare juicy info on sl business. Here's a quote from Wikipedia Second life:

According to figures published by Linden Lab, about 64,000 users made a profit in Second Life in February 2009, of whom 38524 made less than US$10, while 233 made more than US$5000 [21]. Profits are derived from selling virtual goods, renting land, and a broad range of services. In March 2009, it has become known that there exist a few Second Life entrepreneurs, whose profits exceed 1 million US$ per year[22].

Some companies generate US dollar earnings from services provided in Second Life. Examples are Languagelife.com,[23] Rivers Run Red[24], BNT Holdings, and Beta Technologies.[25] This opportunity is extending to normal residents and non-Second Life users via affiliate programs.[26] The total value of these transactions has not been calculated but in 2008 consultancy firms Rivers Run Red and Electric Sheep have reported annual revenues of $6 million.

The reference 21 about who made what amount, is from sl official site: http://secondlife.com/statistics/economy-data.php. That page is raw data, you'll need to do some computation to get a readible summary.

The reference about those making millions, is from a blog: Top Second Life Entrepeneur Cashing Out US$1.7 Million Yearly; Furnishings, Events Management Among Top Earners (2009-03-24) by Wagner James Au. At Source

The source of this millions claim is from Robin Harper's blog, at http://couldtherebewhales.blogspot.com/2009/03/correction.html. Apparantly, Robin was a VP of Marketing and Community Developmen at Linden Labs, and left in 2009-02.

Robin being a VP is readily verified on web. Here's a article: http://www.massively.com/2009/02/02/robin-harper-to-leave-linden-lab/, and here: http://nwn.blogs.com/nwn/2009/02/robin-linden-leaves.html. Here's Robin's linkedin url: http://www.linkedin.com/in/rharper.


1984, NewSpeak, and Scientology

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1984, NewSpeak, and Scientology

Xah Lee, 2010-04-21

You have probably heard that George Orwell's fiction Nineteen Eighty-Four contains a thought controlling language.

If you are not familiar with the fiction, here's a intro from Wikipedia:

1984 is a dystopian novel about the totalitarian regime of the Party, an oligarchical collectivist society where life in the Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, pervasive government surveillance, public mind control, and the voiding of citizens' rights. In the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), protagonist Winston Smith is a civil servant responsible for perpetuating the Party's propaganda by revising historical records to render the Party omniscient and always correct, yet his meager existence disillusions him into rebellion against Big Brother, which leads to his arrest, torture, and conversion.

In the novel, it has a new language Newspeak, a language used by Big Brother to control thought.

I've never made the connection, but today, i realized, that there is actually one such language, in relative wide use, for the exact same purpose of thought control. That language, is the language of Scientology.

Here's a little example:

Two Scientologists meet on the street.

“How're you doing?” one asks the other.

“Well, to tell you the truth, I've been a bit out ruds because of a PTP with my second dynamic because of some bypassed charge having to do with my MEST at her apartment. When I moved in I gave her an R-factor and I thought we were in ARC about it, but lately she seems to have gone a bit PTS so I recommended she see the MAA at the AO to blow some charge and get her ethics in. He gave her a review to F/N and VGIs but she did a roller coaster, so I think there's an SP somewhere on her lines. I tried to audit her myself but she had a dirty needle and BIs and was acting really 1.1 so I finally sent her to Qual to spot the entheta on her lines. Other than that, everything's fine...”

This is from The Language of Scientology -- ARC, SPs, PTPs and BTs, by Margery Wakefield. Source

Perhaps you might think this is fiction. Actually, if you don't know already, in my teens (1990) i worked for Scientology for a month, so technically, i was a Scientologist. I experienced in this language environment for a month. Not to such heavy degree as depicted in the above made-up conversation, but again i'm just a new recruit doing mass-mailing labor for them. It never stroke me as a new language, but the aspect that they have their own dictionary and encyclopedia about everything made a good impression on me. You can read my story here: Scientology and Falun Gong.

You can also see this language in use, by Tom Cruze.

Actor Tom Cruise Scientology Video, leaked to the net. See: http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Tom_Cruise_Scientology_promotional_video_leaked_to_the_Internet

Here's some scientology jargons he used:

  • KSW = Keeping Scientology Working. A policy written by Hubbard in the 1960's that requires all Scientologists to follow his words and his rules exactly.
  • Orgs = abbrev for “organizations”. Scientologist refers itself as “org”.
  • David Miscavige = Current head of Scientology. Analogous to Pope of the Catholics.
  • Out-ethics = any behavior that violates any of Hubbard's rules of conduct.
  • Put ethics in on someone else = make others conform to Hubbard's rules of behavior.
  • Criminon = Scientology front group that tries to recruit through the prisons.
  • PTS = Potential Trouble Source.
  • SP = Suppressive Person. Anyone that doesn't like Scientology and/or criticizes Scientology.
  • Tech = LRH technology. All the Scientology policies, rules, mandates, procedures.

You can read a short collection of their lingo here: Source.

windows hotkey for changing sound volume

Most keyboards have a volume key, but very annoying. You press it, and the volume increases by 1%. So, you have to press it 10 times. So, you think you might hold it. But, when you press and hold, the system doesn't respond for a second or two, then all of a sudden went all the way up.

I created a little app that fixes this. Press Ctrl and the Plus key on the numberical keypad will increase volume by 10%. With the minus key decrease by 10%. Fantastic!

Download it for $2. In the comment field, put “volume change hotkey utility”. I'll email you the download link. Make sure your email address is included and correct.

emacs: editing a file as admin

Another little emacs tip. The tip is about how to edit files that requires admin privilege.

Often, you want to edit a file that requires admin privilege. So, either you start another emacs instance as root, or, modify the file's permission first with sudo then edit then modify it back. Both solutions are painful.

Starting another emacs instance is slower, and you also need to navigate to the dir path. Edit permission bits is error prone and dangerous.

When i was a full time unix sys admin, i usually always keep a instance of emacs as root, with different colored background. But this is also not a optimal solution.

Here's one short tip from the web:

; from newsgroup gnu.emacs.help, by Richard Riley, 2009-08-02 
(defun open-current-file-as-admin ()
  "Open the current buffer as unix root.
This command works on unixes only."
  (when buffer-file-name
     (concat "/sudo:root@localhost:"

PS the above works in unixes only (including linuxes and Mac OS X). How does one do on Windows? If you know, please post! Concrete solution that you actually use is preferred.


a Love Letter from Guinivere Goddess

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a Love Letter from Guinivere Goddess

Xah Lee, 2010-04-22

Today, i received a fan mail. The content is as follows.

From: Guinivere Goddess 
To: xah@xahlee.org 
Sent: Wednesday, April 21, 2010 3:07 AM
Subject: Your willing Gorean sex slave

Greetings, o master, if I may call thee such, fully understanding that the "thee" form implied, in bygone times, familiarity but in the present day suggests homage,

I humbly beseech thee, on bent knee, with shaved pussy and clit available for thy master's whims, that thou may deign to call me the humblest of thy sex slaves, a willing participant to thy very desires, o goodly and comely master. I present to thee my large 49DDD breasts for thee to use as thou wish, my tight anus and pussy and mouth-cunt are ready to worship thy virile member, as thou wish, and for thy penetration, shouldst thou be so inclined. I long to suck and lick thy penis until thy milk runs over into my mouth-cunt.

Why, thou ask, am I so willing to give myself, pussy, breasts, anus, clit, mouth-cunt over to thee? Well, my lord, with thy leave, and if I may be so bold as to say, thy interests in art, books, mathematics, porn, and so on, so closely mirror my own humble interests, that I would feign serve thee with all the humility of my abject sex, with my large breasts and protruding nipples to do with as you choose, with my mouth-cunt, to bathe your penis and to suck thy milk from it, should'st thou so wish, with my ever so tight pussy and even tighter anus to be the willing receptacles of thy glorious membrum virile, and for my clit, little pleasure button, to be subject to thy whims, o my goodly and comely lord and master, whose name I dare not pronounce without thy gracious permission.

Shouldst thou have other Gorean sex slaves, whether male or female, I should also be honored to do with them as you instruct me, and shouldst thou wish to give me to one or more of thy friends, to be their sex slave, I shall serve them exactly as thou instruct me to do, and proffer my large breasts and erect nipples, my mouth-cunt, my tight shaved pussy and even tighter anus to them for their sexual pleasure as thou so instruct me to do, o, my lord and master, Xah, the great, the good. Shouldst thou wish to see simulacrae of my large breasts and erect nipples, my clit, my tight, shaved pussy and my even tighter anus, kindly instruct me, o my lord and master, Xah, to email them to thee, and it shall be even as thou command. If I may be so bold as to suggest, I have a most comely image of my pussy, with my fingers spreading its lips while wearing a large diamond ring.

And should I be graciously permitted one small favor to ask of thee, o my comely and most gracious lord and master, dost thou know of an excellent arithmetic source on the web that could help those of my abject acquaintances who are bereft of such understanding, which they must possess in order to attend the Community College of Rhode Island. It would be a great service rendered by such a/an(?) august one as thee, whose name I dare not write without thy permission,

With all of my most humble gratitude and apologies for having disturbed thee on such a trivial matter, I remain thy Gorean sex slave, Guinevere

Ceci n'est pas un pipe

Posted here with permission.


Microsoft Mail, hotkey to move mail to folder?

If anyone is using Windows Mail ... is there a shortcut so that it put the current mail into a seen/read/processed folder? Precision dragging is getting me tired.

Windows Mail is superceded by Windows Live Mail in Windows 7. Is it worth the hassle to upgrade? There's Thunderbird i'm using for Google Mail. It is better than Windows Mail but not that much better. Let me know what you think.


Grigori Perelman and Money

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Grigori Perelman and Money: Will you decline 1 million to make a statement?

Xah Lee, 2010-04-20

One of the Millennium Prize Problems is solved, by Grigori Perelman.

The Millennium problem is a award of 1 million dollars for solving any one of the 7 most important math problems, proposed by the Clay Math Institute. The institute announced it here: Prize For Resolution of the Poincaré Conjecture Awarded to Dr. Grigoriy Perelman (2010-03-18), at Source.

Who is Grigori Perelman? This guy, lives in poverty (like me), and solved the problem in 2003. He is awarded the Fields Medal in 2006, which is highest recognized award for math, comes with $15k USD, but he declined. This behavior i very much understand, and is something i'd do too. $15k? what a peanut. I can sell my website for 15k. That's barely enough for 1 year's subsistence in most developed countries.

For recognition of achievement, one needs not these stinking social awards for solving recognized problems, as he rightfully expressed. The New Yorker reported:

“He proposed to me three alternatives: accept and come; accept and don't come, and we will send you the medal later; third, I don't accept the prize. From the very beginning, I told him I have chosen the third one.” The Fields Medal held no interest for him, Perelman explained. “It was completely irrelevant for me,” he said. “Everybody understood that if the proof is correct then no other recognition is needed.”

Quote from: Manifold Destiny: A legendary problem and the battle over who solved it. (2006-08-28), by Sylvia Nasar and David Gruber, at Source: New Yorker.

However, now in 2010-03-18, Clay announced that his work also qualified their $1 giga USD award. Would he still decline it? Not sure if he made a decision yet. I wouldn't decline.

For practical considerations, awards of cash is a practical, substantiated, recognition, as opposed to political or mouthing ones. (Nobel is one of the worst fuck, especially with their Peace department) Sure, if you are haughty and or with a ascetic life style, you can still decline. I wouldn't. Even living in a ascetic lifestyle that's technically below poverty, i'd still enjoy the security of permanent supply of bread and butter, and mostly a shelter. And even if one does not need the money, he could turn the money to orgs he consider worthwhile, or whatever causes he sees need to change on society. He earned the money.

The Bimbo from Alaska: Sarah Palin

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The Bimbo from Alaska: Sarah Palin

Xah Lee, 2010-04-13


CBS Exclusive: Sarah Palin interviewed by Katie Couric, 2008-10-31.

Today, i watched a bunch of videos on Sarah Palin. What a dumb bimbo. One of the interview is by Katie Couric. What a hottie! She's so sharp. If she'd be the vice president, that'd be 10 times better.


Sarah Palin bimbo resigns.

Sarah Palin Resigns. Speech. Confused, rambling babble.

What a fucking bimbo. Offend my eyes. Go home.

One has to wonder, what kinda idiots are Alaskans, that would elect such a bimbo as governor? Similarly, which idiots American, that allowed George motherfucker Bush to became president? The citizens must share some of these responsibilities.

Email Hacking Incident


In 2008-09, Sarah Palin's email account is hacked. It was hacked by David Kernell, son of Democratic Tennessee State Representative Mike Kernell. The trial is still on-going. Here are some excerpts from Wikipedia:

The FBI and Secret Service began investigating the incident and on September 20, it was revealed that they were questioning David Kernell, a 20-year-old economics student at the University of Tennessee and the son of Democratic Tennessee State Representative Mike Kernell from Memphis.[1][13][14][15] The handle used by the hacker when making his post at 4chan pointed to him, although this evidence was inconclusive because of the frequent pranks pulled at that board.[16] The hacker's proxy service provided its logs, which pointed to Kernell's residence.[13][16]

FBI agents served a federal search warrant at the Knoxville Tennessee residence of David Kernell. Kernell, according to witnesses, fled the scene when the FBI agents arrived.[17] Agents spent 1.5 to 2 hours taking pictures of everything inside his apartment. Kernell's three roommates were also subpoenaed and expected to testify the following week in Chattanooga.[18] Kernell Sr. told Wired that he was aware that his son was a suspect, but he did not ask him anything about it over concerns that he may have to testify in court.[19]

A federal grand jury in Chattanooga, Tennessee considered Kernell's case in September but did not deliver an indictment.[20] Kernell retained Knoxville, Tennessee attorney Wade V. Davies.

A second federal grand jury in Knoxville returned an indictment of Kernell on October 7, 2008.[21] He was charged with violating 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)(C) and § 2701, or unlawful access to stored communications and intentionally accessing a computer without authorization across state lines, respectively.[22] Kernell turned himself in the next day.[23] Kernell pled not-guilty.[24] The court released Kernell without bail.[25] A trial date was set for April 2010 but has since been delayed at the request of both attorneys.[23][26] Kernell's attorney claimed that using "an e-mail address and a birth date does not constitute identity theft"; however, the court rejected that argument saying "once Governor Palin chose the Yahoo! ID gov.palin@yahoo.com, that became her unique address, and no one else could choose it." The trial date after the delay is expected in April 2010.[27]

This hacking is breaking the law. Law, as a rule of conduct drafted and agreed to by all of us human animals of the locality; we should behave within this agreement. However, in modern times since perhaps 2 hundred years ago, things got much more complex than that. Most of us have little understanding of the law, and it is fret with idiocy and manipulated by politicians. Also, law, changes over time, and in some cases, breaking the law is a effective way to improve society, and the course of history is filled with law-breaking. (USA, for example, was born, by breaking the law. You can count basically all revolutions and births of nations. Another example of law-breaking most American idiots love to chant is Martin Luther King.)

So, i don't endorse this particular hacking, but nor do i particularly find it a big deal.

Human animal law is funny. Yeah, history are much about breaking the law. But, when you are not powerful enough, or the situation is not in your favor, talking about this very fact puts you in question. After all, law is not physics, not how the universe works. While some powerful assholes in history, makes law, and breaks at will, such as George W Bush. One quote that describes the situation that sophomorons love to quote is:

Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch, it is true, the weak and the poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful. — Anacharsis (b 6 BCE)

I think a closer translation is probably the following, from wikiquote.org:

These decrees of yours are no different from spiders' webs. They'll restrain anyone weak and insignificant who gets caught in them, but they'll be torn to shreds by people with power and wealth.

In USA, one of the most free country in the world, it is ok criticise public figures, or discuss the ethics of law, today. However, in many countries in Middle East, criticizing the country's leaders, or religious leaders, you go to jail.



Discovered that my essay on scientology has been translated into Chinese, here: Source.

Over the past 10 years, i've discovered few of my other writings have been translated to other langs.

Also for perhaps 5 years around 2000, my Great Math Programs page been translated to i think Polish. I don't remember the url now since i havn't seen the site in my weblog's referral, but i can still find the url in old web log.


Second Life Keyboard military poster artwork

Chthonic Syndicate poster 201004-s

A poster artwork made by Mayra Roffo, leader of the Chthonic Syndicate military.

See also: Second Life Military.

weblog ip address censored?


I noticed today my webhosting company truncates IP address in the weekly weblog.

For example, in daily log, a entry would look like this: - - [17/Apr/2010:00:00:00 -0400] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 217 www.xahlee.org "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; fr; rv: Gecko/20100401 Firefox/3.6.3 Creative ZENcast v2.01.01" "-"

But when they generate the weekly log by combining the past 7 daily logs, they replace the last part of ip address by “x”, so it looks like “196.12.236.x”.

Not sure why they are doing that. It wasn't so before. My webhoster is 1and1.com.

Anyone knows why? it's not by law is it?


The Writing Style on XahLee.org

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The Writing Style on XahLee.org

Xah Lee, 2010-04-18

... my writing is razor blades in hot buns to grammarians, chocking dagger to mouthing moralists, logic bomb to irreflecting morons, eye opener to epochal theorists, immaculate calculus to logicians, euphoric oxygen to English masters, orgasmic honey to poetic chicks. That is to say, when i wanna be on the right occasion, too.

you see, English under me is like a love slave. I say jump and she jumps, I say kiss and she kisses. And when i need to vent, she bends double and pleads cum. Of course, it is not to say my theories are unerring or i'm impeccable or sans foibles and grammatical trespassings. But all things considered...

– Xah Lee, 2005-06

This page is a preliminary essay that describes the writing style of Xah Lee (me) on XahLee.org. The style is roughly based on simplicity of logic with respect to computer parsing and human readability for writings that are tech tutorial or expositions. For essay or literary writing contexts, in addition to that, unusual constructs, esoteric jargons, figure of speech, etc are used sans qualms against the writing establishment.

The article “an” is always written as “a”.

"I" is always written in lower case “i”, unless it is the first letter in a sentence.

In tech writing, sentences should be as short as possible; the parsing complexity should be lowest possible. In many cases, this means breaking a sentence containing “however, that is, but, and”, into 2 separate sentence. In creative writing, sometimes make sentences as long as possible with such conjunctions.

In contrary to popular writing advices, do not always use active voice. In particular, in tech or math exposition, always use passive voice. The text should be as cold and inhuman as possible. (e.g. Nicolas Bourbaki) In general, do not address the reader in any way. In some of my tech tutorials, i started to address the reader, as a way to prostitute my writing to make my site more popular for monetizing purposes.

In contrary to popular writing advices, do not fully spell out numbers such as “two cups” or “in the year of our lord two thousand and ten”. Write “2 cups” or “in the year of our lord 2010” instead. If a number starts a sentence, full word can be used if otherwise it is confusing.

Spelling. In tech writing contexts, spelling should be the more logical variation. e.g. “color” instead of “colour”, “dialog” for “dialogue”, “programing” for “programming”, “criterions” for “criteria”, “polyhedrons” for “polyhedra”... In literary contexts, the choice depends on the desired effect.

Do not use a “and” for the last item in a sequence of things, unless it is too odd. For example, write “My favorite fruits are peach, banana, cherry”, not “My favorite fruits are peach, banana, and cherry”. In literary contexts, make use of the conjunction if the last item is to be emphasized.

Also, where there is a parallel sequence, do not add the phrase “respectively”. For example, write: “peach, banana, cherry, colored pink, yellow, red.”. No “respectively” there.

Diction. In tech tutorial or math exposition contexts, use the most basic words only (A vocabulary perhaps about just 1200 words (note: Basic English has 850 words)).

When i have time, avoid any idiom, even basic ones, by rephrasing it so that the meaning can be understood by non-native speakers. This is done by using unambiguous constructs, and use words that does not have many meanings. Here are some example of standard idioms: “in a way”, “by the way”, “it turns out”, “as far as i can see”, “In other words”, “on the other hand”, “it's pretty easy to...”, “I can't quite tell...”. For example, “In a way” can be “In some interpretation”, “In some perspective”, “In some aspects”. “By the way, ...” can be “Also: ...” or “O! ...” or “Not related above, ...”. “It turns out, ...” can be “It is discovered that ...”. “pretty easy” can be “relatively easy”.

The symbol for quotation is always written using matched curly double quotes “like this”, and not straight quotes.

The apostrophe symbol is always a straight one (ASCII 39), not curly one. For example, “I'm”, “Mary's”.

Only two type of dash are used. The short one “-” (ASCII 45), is used for hyphenated words, e.g. “drop-dead”. The long one, written either as “--” or “—” (Unicode 8212) is used only occasionally. It is used for parenthetical thought — like this —, or quotation attribution —Plato, or sudden conclusive remark — a dash to the heart! The em-dash should always have spaces around it. Any other type of dash (en-dash, figure-dash, etc) are not used. Also, word is never cut into two by hyphen for justification purposes.

Ellipsis is used for trailing sentence. It is always written as 3 dots, like this: “...”, and without a space before, and always with a space after. For example: “Once upon a time... but that's too long to tell.”. Another example: “... but you can't!”.

Person's names with abbreviation, such as Harold S. M. Coxeter, is written without the period. e.g. “Harold S M Coxeter”.

When quoting a text or a person's speech, the text inside a quote represent the exact speech; any punctuation not in context of the speech is not to be included inside the quotation. This is in contrast to UK style. For example, the opening paragraph of Alice is:

... , ‘and what is the use of a book,’ thought Alice ‘without pictures or conversation?’

It should be:

... , “and what is the use of a book” thought Alice “without pictures or conversation?”.

Note the double curly quote, and period at end of paragraph.

Another example from Time Machine chapter one:

“That is all right,” said the Psychologist.

would be:

“That is all right” said the Psychologist.

Sentences should always end in a period, or exclamation mark “!” or question mark “?”. In particular, the last symbol of a sentence should not be a quotation mark. In other words, quoted text is a special string demarcated by the matching curly quote glyphs, and the inclusion of a quoted text does not change the syntax of the text outsite the quote. For example, like this: “Note the ending period outside the quote.”.

The full stop symbol “.” is predominantly used for the purpose of indicating the end of a sentence. Avoid using it for abbreviations. For the case of abbrevs, usually one can do without the period today and in fact increases clarity. I haven't fully thought out about some cases, such as “e.g.”, “i.e.” that i employe often. Ideally, in tech expositions, i'd avoid “e.g.” and “i.e.”, but i haven't really found a substitute to my satisfaction. Using them without the period “eg ie” is too in-your-face. “e.g.” can often be replaced by “For example”, but that is too verbose or conspicuous to be suitable for inline list. “i.e.” can usually be replaced by “That is”, but “That is” is a idiom, and i haven't found a simple logical rephrase for it.

Write “thru” for “through”... (todo: more to be added here)

Date format is always yyyy-mm-dd. This is ISO 8601, adopted in much of web tech today (e.g. Atom Webfeed)

Always use metric system for units. Sometimes, use scientific prefix system for money as well. For example, 1 million dollars would be 1 mega USD.

Author listing order, if alphabetical, follows first name, in contrast to the convention of family name. This is based on philosophy of individualism and libertarianism.

For person's titles, in general, drop all loaded titles such as Dr, PhD, Professor, Rev. Use plain name. If necessary, explicitly indicate associated institution and rank within that organization. If i deem the person honorable, add appropriate honor with the name with respect to human history. For example, instead of “Professor Harold Coxeter”, write “Geometer Harold Coxeter”.

Citations. Reference or citation follows this format: “book or article title” (date), by Author, Affiliation. The date follows this format yyyy-mm-dd. The date is typically date of first publication. Sometimes, it is the date of latest major update of that work. The “Affiliation” is often the magazine or journal name, or the company or university the author works for.

In essay or literary work, arcane, abstruse, erudite, words, idioms, figure of speech (allusion, alliteration, antithesis, cacophony, hyperbole, homonyms, homophones, parallelism, simile, pun, allegory, parable, irony, innuendo), format (e.g. deeply nested parenthetical writing), etc, are employed at will so that when read by a English expert, it is of maximum clarity, fluidity, but meanwhile implicitly insults grammarians, pedants, academicians, moralists.

For example, if they are British, use mixed Brit and American spellings. If they are American, use Brit spellings for choice words, e.g. “this bloke's got square brain and round arse.”. If the forum is discussion of english idioms and a particular is pedantically annoying, in my response i might fill every sentence with decorative idioms, such as starting every paragraph with “On the other hand; By the way; In a way; At the end of the day”. If it is a poetry forum, might write in a cold calculus style in the extreme, yet make it alliterate. (Sample title: “The Calculus of Poesy”)

The more esoteric the usage, the skill needed, the linguistic background required, the symbolic logic of discernment, the size of vocabulary, the niche of lingoes, to appreciate, the better. If they are educated, exploit word etymology, usage history, linguistics knowledge, etc, so that the resulting style is contrary to what their little circle is used to see. So that when they deem you a idiot caused by your style, actually they are. For example, for the general programer audience, over the years many tried to correct me with good intentions in private about how “programing” should have 2 m, unaware that single m is found in every dictionary as accepted variation. Majority will simply make a fool of themselves in public.

Claimer: I know more about English literature, linguistics, than most who has a BS/AS degree in these. My general knowledge related to writing, in subjects of mathematical logic, mathematical linguistics (syntax, grammar, semantics), computer languages (lisp, Mathematica, bash, perl, python, java, xml, css), standard writing styles and guides (e.g. MLA, Strunk & White), languages (Chinese, English), English vocabulary, pragmatics, evolution of languages, poetry writing, social aspects of language (jargons, argots, slangs, formation, purpose, internet era), lexicology, morphology, artificial languages (lojban), philosophies of languages, writing systems, written symbols (e.g. as exhibited in Unicode), math notations and its history, music notations, Chinese romanization systems (Pinyin, Wade-Giles etc), Chinese input systems (sound, char struct, their design, demograph...), typography, typesetting systems (TeX/LaTeX), are greater than most who has a PhD degree specialized in a sub-branch of these.

If you are learning technical writing, i recommend: Simplified English.

find link graph of a website

Discovered that Wolfram Alpha generates a link graph for your site. See for example: http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=xahlee.org.

This is quite useful when you need to know quickly a site's link topology. Am pretty sure there are better sites that generates a better link graph. If you know, please let me know.