There are endless languages. Just discovered Fantom (programming language).
Also, there's this scathing review of Scala by someone who seems to be a Java platform expert.
Scala feels like EJB 2, and other thoughts (2011-11-22) By Stephen Colebourne. @ Source blog.joda.org
Ι don't know Java platform well, not having worked in the industry for many years, but i tend to agree with him on his views.